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What Causes Hammertoe?

Monday, 11 March 2019 00:00

Genetic factors may cause the muscles and tendons in the toes to become weak, and this may cause a condition that is referred to as hammertoe. It will typically affect the second and third toes and occur when the middle joint becomes dislocated. Additional reasons for this to develop may come from having arthritis in the feet, or from wearing shoes that do not have enough room in the toe area. Cushioned pads may be used to reduce mild discomfort that may be present. For more severe cases of hammertoe, a proper diagnosis is needed to determine the extent of the deformity, and surgery may be necessary to permanently straighten the toes. If you have this condition, it is strongly suggested to seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can guide you toward beginning proper treatment.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from Advanced Foot and Ankle Surgeons, Inc. . Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Sycamore, and Yorkville, IL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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